Medical biotechnology is the use of biotechnology to develop ways to improve medicine. Medical biotechnology finds ways for better medical support to doctors and patients and uses living cells to develop research and produce products that help disease treatment and prevention.
As biotechnology provides new tools for diagnosing, preventing, and treating human diseases, it also enables new approaches to a variety of difficult biomedical problems. The advancement of biotechnology has resulted in the development of hundreds of new therapeutic agents, diagnostic tests, and vaccines that are available on the market today. Research in medical biotechnology has:
Increased the understanding of diseases
Accelerated the treatment process
Improved pharmacotherapy for infectious diseases
Given hope for the battle against incurable diseases such as ALS, MS, and Alzheimer's
Benefits of Medical biotechnology
Create more precise tools for disease detection and possible treatments
Tailor treatments to individuals to minimize health risks and side effects
Reduce infection diseases rates
Medical biotechnology’s importance lies in its goals that are vital to human health. As this field evolves so do the solutions it is offering to improve medical services and products. To achieve optimal performance in the medical field, medical biotechnology works with and benefits hospitals, doctors, pharmacists, and patients.
A major development it offered is efficiency of hospitals and medical equipment. Researchers are developing devices and solutions for specific diseases in various fields of medicine that help prevent and cure diseases.
In the past, medical devices were commonly made of various metals and placed directly inside a patient’s body. In recent years, a variety of coatings have been applied to medical devices to enhance their biocompatibility. These biomaterial coatings can also be used for other desirable properties, such as their responsiveness to various stimuli, drug delivery capabilities, and antibacterial properties.
Biomedical and biological surfaces can be coated with polymers, a category of materials that is showing a lot of promise. The benefits of polymers go beyond good biocompatibility. They can deliver drugs, be readily surface-modified, and dissolve over time. Various polymers are available, allowing many unique options to create surface coatings with the desired properties.
Polyelectrolyte multilayers are used in many biomaterial applications. For example, it is possible to modify its layers in order to release drugs or active peptides
Applications in the field
Wetting properties & smart contact lens
Building an appetite for hydroxyapatite sensors
Tissue nanotransfection works by injecting genetic code into skin cells, which turns those skin cells into the other types of cells required for treating diseases.
Many vaccines are produced in the field. One example is Human Papilloma Virus (HPV) Human papillomavirus vaccines are vaccines that prevent infection by certain types of human papillomavir.
Medical devices are rapidly advancing from traditional hardware-based systems to include, or become, biological materials. In many cases these biomaterials are derived from an individual's own cells. To recognize the convergence of bio-engineering and medical devices the term biomedical device is used.
3D modelling & printing